400,000 to 500,000 Roma live in Slovakia.
99% unemployment in Roma settlements.
90% of Roma did not exceed the primary education threshold.
30-40% of Roma children attend primary school irregularly.
25% of children fall into the zone of verbal debility.
22% of Roma children drop out in the first grade.
5 times more often they receive a worsened grade of behavior.
Economic : 99% unemployment, dependence on state social benefits, absence of work habits.
Social : isolation, high birth rate, maladaptation, pressure for assimilation, mistrust.
Education : the majority of Roma (90%) have not completed primary education.
Health : morbidity, unhealthy nutrition and lifestyle.
Cultural : ignorance of the Slovak language, other customs and way of life, ignorance of culture (Roma – non-Roma).
Security : threats from other extremist groups.
Economic : material motivation to support the Roma community in actively looking for work, favoring entrepreneurs who employ Roma, support for employment and entrepreneurship.
Example: wood production, hand production, applied art, cleaning work, trading, hospitality, buffet, weaving, crocheting, processing of wicker and wooden grafts (basket knitting, broom production), sewing of dolls, growing of fast-growing woods, production of dog ointment, labor professions, construction work, mediation of brigades and work for car manufacturers, musicians, and others.
Social : to fight against negative stereotypes by objective information of the majority, guaranteeing adequate conditions and resources for a dignified life.
Education : pre-school education, creating conditions for education in the Romani language, optimization of curricula, boarding schools, vocational training for entrepreneurship, retraining courses, multicultural education .
Health : health-educational activities, increasing access to health care, motivation and education of health professionals in the Roma issue, preventive medical examinations, the work of Roma pediatric assistants in providing care for mothers and children in the field, increasing vaccination coverage of children living in settlements.
The Roma issue is a complex topic. This is not a problem that can only be viewed from one point of view. Several experts deal with Roma issues today. But despite all the efforts, it is a situation that has not been resolved. The mentioned solutions are partial. These are some ideas on how to start addressing the Roma issue