The Serengeti is the most famous protected nature reserve in Africa, located in northern Tanzania . The name ‘Serengeti’ comes from the Maasai language and means “a place where the earth moves indefinitely”. One of the great wonders of this world takes place in the Serengeti every year. The Serengeti, Tanzania, hosts the largest land mammal migration in the world, known worldwide as the “great migration” of two million ungulates (zebras, wildebeests, gazelles) heading south from the northern ends for a short period of rain every October and November through fresh pastures. Later, after heavy rains in April, May and June, they continue Serengeti, Tanzaniawest and north. So strong is their ancient instinct to migrate that no drought, abyss, or river full of crocodiles can hold them back.
Predators in the Serengeti, Tanzania
There is an incredible concentration of predators in the Serengeti. The endless grasslands are the richest pastures on the continent, home to the largest herds on the planet and the highest concentration of predators in Africa. The Serengeti ecosystem also includes the adjacent Ngorongoro Conservation Area and the Maswa and Maasai Mara Reserves ( Kenya ). Together they cover almost 30,000 square kilometers, as big as Belgium . The ecosystem as such is the most complex and least disturbed in the world. The basic features of climate, vegetation and fauna have hardly changed in the last million years. The landscape was originally created by volcanic activity, but it was transformed by the constant action of wind, rainSerengeti, Tanzania wading the Mara riverand the sun. Now the Serengeti are covered by open grassy plains in the south, savannas with scattered agates in the middle, hilly, wooded pastures in the north, and vast black clay forests in the west. Small rivers, lakes and swamps are scattered everywhere. In the southeast, large volcanic massifs and craters of the Ngorongoro Highlands rise. Each area has its own specific atmosphere and wildlife.
Hundreds of thousands of wildebeests and zebras congregate in the open grassy plains of the Serengeti, Tanzania, during the rainy months. This area is the beginning of one of the great wonders of the world: the annual Serengeti migration. In late May, when the grass dries the wildebeest are grouped in large numbers. Eventually, the animals begin their march in a column several kilometers long to the permanent waters in the north. on their pilgrimage they have to overcome many obstacles. Predators lurk at every turn, wading rivers full of crocodiles, hunger, thirst, exhaustion. Once the panic begins, little can stop it: hundreds drown each year in the wading of the Mara River in the north.
Lions, cheetahs, hyenas and hunting dogs chase wildebeests and zebras and make sure that only the strongest survive. In November, when grazing in the north ends, this army returns south to the green pastures where they reproduce and give birth to the young until the whole cycle begins again.